Health

Sleep Apnea

What is Sleep Apnea?

When your breathing repeatedly stops and resumes while you’re asleep, you have a significant sleep problem called sleep apnea. If left untreated, it may result in loud snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness, or more serious issues including high blood pressure or heart problems.

In contrast to primary or regular snoring, this condition. Primary snoring can be brought on by nasal or throat problems, sleeping positions (particularly on your back), being overweight or old, or using alcohol or other depressants. Primary snoring and sleep apnea-related snoring both result from the tissues in your throat vibrating, however, those who have sleep apnea typically:

  • snore louder than people who just seldom do so
  • pause to allow for breathing (for over 10 seconds)
  • breathe quickly, gasp, or choke, and be restless.

Who does Sleep Apnea effect?

Anybody can get sleep apnea, from young toddlers and infants to elderly people. Certain situations and populations are more likely to experience obstructive sleep apnea than others:

  1. Before age 50, men and those born with a male gender preference are more likely to experience it (AMAB). At age 50, it impacts both women and those who were born with the gender ascribed to them (AFAB) equally.
  2. As people age, they are more likely to develop it.
  3. Those that are Black, Hispanic, or Asian in descent are more likely to experience it.
  4. Those who use opioid painkillers.
  5. Adults older than 60.
  6. People with heart diseases including congestive heart failure or atrial fibrillation.
  7. This may lead to the emergence of central episodes known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea in some CPAP users or those with obstructive sleep apnea.
  8. Living in a high-altitude environment can result in central apneas.

What are the different types of Sleep Apnea?

Obstructive sleep apnea

Obstructive snoring. The most typical kind is this. It occurs when your airways continually become entirely or partially closed while you’re sleeping, typically as a result of the soft tissue in your throat collapsing. Your diaphragm and chest muscles have to work harder than usual during these episodes to keep your airways open. You might jerk your body or start to breathe loudly. This may disrupt your sleep, reduce the amount of oxygen reaching your essential organs, and cause irregular heartbeats.

Central sleep apnea

central snoring. Your airway doesn’t become blocked with this kind. Instead, problems with your respiratory control center prevent your brain from instructing your muscles to breathe. It has to do with how your central nervous system works. Those with neuromuscular disorders including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, often known as Lou Gehrig’s disease), stroke survivors, people with heart failure, and those with other types of heart, kidney, or lung disease are more likely to experience central sleep apnea.

What are the symptoms of Sleep Apnea?

There are numerous signs of sleep apnea, some of which are more obvious than others. The signs consist of:

  • Waking up feeling sleepy or even fatigued –Sleep apnea patients frequently feel exhausted even after a full night of sleep.
  • Fatigue during the day –In more extreme instances, this may make you drowsy when working, driving, or engaging in other tasks.
  • Snoring –Although it doesn’t always happen, this is a common symptom of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea can sometimes exist without any snoring at all.
  • The mood shifts –Anxiety and depression are frequent signs of sleep apnea.
  • Disturbances in brain activity –They might include problems with memory, concentration, or other brain-related problems.
  • Constantly waking up in the middle of the night – Due to the fact that most people have trouble remembering when or why they wake up, this symptom may be more difficult to detect. Individuals who do this frequently recall waking up for a different cause, such as heartburn or the need to use the restroom.
  • Breathing pauses while sleeping that other people can see –While you are sleeping, a spouse, partner, or other loved one can notice these signs.
  • unusual breathing patterns –The characteristic breathing pattern known as Cheyne-Stokes breathing (CSB) can be a symptom of central sleep apnea. Breathing is quick during CSB and becomes shallower before becoming completely nonexistent. They will stop breathing for a few seconds before beginning again and repeating the pattern.
  • Is Sleep Apnea dangerous?

    What the researches says!

    Hypoxia is a result of sleep apnea (a low oxygen level in the body). When this occurs, your body experiences stress and responds with a fight-or-flight reaction, which makes your heart beat more quickly and your arteries narrow.

    Impacts on the heart and arteries include:

    • increasing blood pressure
    • increased heart rate
    • greater blood volume causes more stress and inflammation

    The risk of cardiovascular issues rises as a result of these impacts.

    According to a 2010 research in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, having sleep apnea doubles or triples your chance of having a stroke.

    According to a 2007 Yale School of Medicine study, having sleep apnea over the course of four to five years increases your risk of dying from a heart attack or having a stroke by 30%.

    A 2013 study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology found that those who have sleep apnea are more likely to die from associated cardiac problems. According to the study, sleep apnea can raise the chance of sudden cardiac death.

    In the event that you:

    are older than 60 years old

    have 20 or more apnea episodes per hour of sleep,

    and their blood oxygen saturation levels, while they sleep, are less than 78%.

    Up to 60% of persons with heart failure also have sleep apnea, claims a 2011 medical analysis. Adult participants in the study had a higher two-year survival rate when they were simultaneously receiving treatment for sleep apnea. Heart issues can be aggravated or caused by sleep apnea.

    According to the National Sleep Foundation, if both sleep apnea and atrial fibrillation are treated, there is only a 40% risk that the patient will require additional heart care.

    According to the National Sleep Foundation, if both sleep apnea and atrial fibrillation are treated, there is only a 40% risk that the patient will require additional heart care.

    The likelihood of needing additional therapy for atrial fibrillation increases by 80% if sleep apnea is left untreated.

    Type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea were associated in a different Yale study. According to the study, those with sleep apnea had a significantly higher risk of developing diabetes than those without the condition.

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Gaurav M

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